Resin bound surfacing has transformed housing developments in recent years throughout the UK. Gone are the days of using block paving or concrete to create functional driveways, paths and garden areas; now homeowners want to create an outside space which looks beautiful, is easy to maintain and stands the test of time.
What is resin bound surfacing?
Resin bound surfacing is where natural stone and resin are mixed together and then laid onto a prepared surface. The material is then trowelled down to a smooth finish and once complete, the depth of a resin bound paving surface should be anywhere between 12 and 24mm, depending on the application and the size and type of stone used in the process.
Resin bound surfacing is often mistaken with resin bonded surfacing, and it is easy to see why with very similar sounding names. Resin bonded surfacing however is where natural stone is laid onto a pre-spread resin base, and once this process is complete a film of resin is then applied to the surface. Resin bonded surfacing has more of a textured look and often has the appearance of loose gravel. A typical depth of a Resin bonded surface is around 6 to 8mm.
Photograph courtesy of Clearstone.
Why use resin bound surfacing compared to other surface materials?
More and more homeowners and clients appreciate the benefits they get with resin bound surfacing. It is not only visually attractive and gives their property ‘kerb appeal’, but is also very practical. It requires very little maintenance and there are no loose stones that can cause an unsightly mess. The physical properties of the resin bound surfacing with the natural aggregate and resin form to create an extremely durable surface, which will give years of outstanding performance to homeowners.
Compared to other surfacing materials/types, resin bound surfacing has clear benefits. Block paving, although can look clean and pleasing to the eye when first laid, is prone to degredation over time. The colour fades even after a year or two, and as the blocks are fixed onto a simple substrate with no movement considered, they are prone to cracks and displacement. Another headache for homeowners with block paving is weed growth within the surface joints, or in between the paving slabs.
As resin bound surfacing is constructed of many particles of stone mixed with resin, it is virtually impossible for cracks or displacement. The durability of the surface means it can withstand heavy loadings e.g. cars, plus the aesthetics is guaranteed for many years from UV degredation and colour discolouration.
Another advantage of resin bound surfacing compared with block paving is the time saving benefit during installation. This particular factor refers to refurbishment projects, where it is possible to lay the resin bound material directly over existing concrete driveways (after the concrete has been cleaned and primed). This saves time and ultimately labour costs, as the original concrete substrate needs little work to prepare.
A good quality concrete surface is generally considered to be robust and hard-wearing, and should give homeowners many years of functional paving. However, they generally are quite impervious and can only soak in a limited amount of water. Once the concrete has taken in all the water that is possible, this decreases the permeability of the structure which then results in surface overflow. This water runoff then contributes to potential flooding.
Resin bound surfaces are fully permeable and as a result water is able to drain through the surface effectively, preventing any surface water build up. A good quality resin bound surface will be fully compliant with the requirements of Sustainable urban Drainage Systems (SuDS), which was introduced in 2011 to better manage water run off in urban areas.
It is also possible to install a resin bound surface in a wide range of colours and textures to create a really unique look. It is now best practice in the design and installation of resin bound surfacing to use edge profiling, to contain, shape and complement the resin surfacing.
Photograph courtesy of The Yorkshire Resin Company Ltd.
Edge profiles for resin bound surfacing
To really create an eye-catching resin bound floor, whether it be for driveways, paths or garden areas, it is highly recommended that distinctive edges are used to contain the resin material. Installers and designers commonly design the resin bound surfacing right up to brickwork, timber, paving, or other existing features of a property. However home owners and designers now favour a more clinical finish to their installations, and prefer the use of stainless steel edge profiles to provide edging to their beautiful resin flooring.
Dural UK supply a range of edge profiles, including Durosol Straight Edging Profiles, Durosol Flexible Profiles and Movement Joint Profiles. All three ranges provide high quality edge protection to resin bound surfaces, and are available in a variety of sizes, depths and materials to suit all kinds of installations and requirements.
The flooring experts at Dural are able to assist in selecting the right edge profiling to match any resin bound surfacing installation. Contact us today for more information on telephone 01924 360 110.